commonly used words and abbreviations

Discussion in 'Photography Beginners' Forum' started by nikonian2001, Oct 17, 2007.

  1. nikonian2001

    nikonian2001 TPF Noob!

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    This it to help out thoes who may have some questions on common photograph words that come up in the fourms. This is just a starter so add some if you think of more.
     
  2. nikonian2001

    nikonian2001 TPF Noob!

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    Dodging – Selectively lightening part of a photo
    Burning – Selectively darkening part of a photo
    Aperture – controls the amount of light entering the lens and reaching the camera's sensor or film. The diameter is measured in F-stops(ie F2.8)
    Shutter speed – The camera's shutter speed is a measurement of how long its shutter remains open as the picture is taken.
    Fill flash – A flash technique used to brighten deep shadow areas
    ISO speed – A rating of a film's or sensor's sensitivity to light.
    JPEG – A standard for compressing image data
    RAW – The RAW image format is the data as it comes directly off the CCD, with no in-camera processing is performed.
    Saturation – How rich the colors are in a photo.
    RGB – Red, Green, Blue
    Sharpness – The clarity of detail in a photo. How in-focus it is.
    White balance – A function on the camera to compensate for different colors of light being emitted by different light sources.
    Ambient light – The natural light in a scene.
    Prime lens - lenses that have a fixed focal length. Mesured in mm (ie 50mm)
    Zoom lens - lenses that can change there focal length.
    Backlighting - Light coming from behind the subject, toward the camera lens, so that the subject stands out vividly against the background. Sometimes produces a silhouette effect.
    Balance - Placement of colors, light and dark masses, or large and small objects in a picture
    Bracketing - Taking additional pictures of the subject through a range of exposures-both lighter and darker-when unsure of the correct exposure. Contrasty - Higher-than-normal contrast including very bright and dark areasCropping - Printing only part of the image usually for a more pleasing composition.
     
  3. gryphonslair99

    gryphonslair99 Been spending a lot of time on here!

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  4. ZIN

    ZIN TPF Noob!

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    That comes in very handy ...thank you very much
     

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abbreviations of generally used words