Focusing Issues

Discussion in 'Photography Beginners' Forum' started by gsd, Jan 30, 2009.

  1. gsd

    gsd TPF Noob!

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    The boy in this picture is slightly out of focus. I took this picture with the 70-300mm f/4-5.6 is usm lens. The camera canon rebel xti. I used the automatic mode. Is this problem the lens or do I need to use manual settings to correct this problem. I read some people are complaining about soft issues with this lens. At the bottom of this review there is an update talking about canon fixing a problem with the lens. Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM Lens Review Here is the picture [​IMG]
     
  2. Big Mike

    Big Mike I am Big, I am Mike Staff Member Supporting Member

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    Can you tell use what setting were used for that shot?

    I believe your problem is that the Depth of Field (DOF) was just too shallow for the boy to be in focus.

    DOF is the range of distance (from the camera) that will be in focus for any given photo. For example, it might be from 6 feet to 8 feet. Anything closer or farther away from the camera, will get progressively more blurry.

    DOF is controlled primarily by the aperture of the lens. A larger aperture (smaller F number) will give you a shallow DOF. A smaller aperture (larger F number) will give you a deeper DOF. Also, the focal length of the lens will have an affect on DOF. The longer the lens, the more shallow the DOF can get. There are also factors like how far away the subjects (focus point) is from the camera....and the farther something is from the focus point, the blurrier it will be.

    The DOF extends 2/3 of the way past the focus point and 1/3 back toward the camera...which is probably why the boy is slightly out of focus.

    So in that same situation, shooting a group of people, you will want to use a smaller aperture to increase the DOF and get them all in focus. Try F8 or maybe F11.

    Now, the problem that you might run into, is that when you choose a smaller aperture, you need a slower shutter speed (or higher ISO) to compensate (to keep the same exposure). If you shutter speed drops too low, you can get blur from moving subjects or the movement of the camera in your hands. So you need to balance your need for DOF with your need for fast shutter speeds. It can be hard with a lens like this.

    It isn't a top quality lens but it's better than the 70-300mm lenses without IS. I don't think this is a problem with your particular lens...unless you specifically locked the focus on the boy.
     
  3. Dao

    Dao No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    Agree with BigMike here

    Here is the photo exif

    Camera Make: Canon
    Camera Model: Canon EOS DIGITAL REBEL XTi
    Image Date: 2009:01:25 16:26:18
    Flash Used: Yes (Auto)
    Focal Length: 70.0mm
    CCD Width: 22.28mm
    Exposure Time: 0.017 s (1/60)
    Aperture: f/5.0
    ISO equiv: 400
    White Balance: Auto
    Metering Mode: Matrix
    Exposure: program (Auto)


    If the camera is about 10 feet away from the subject, the total DoF is only about 1.17 ft.
     
  4. gsd

    gsd TPF Noob!

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    Thank you Big Mike and Dao for the great information. I really appreciate your help. Dao how did you get the info on the photo? Thx
     
  5. potownrob

    potownrob TPF Noob!

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    MAGIC!!


    All kidding aside, he probably has an exif viewer like Panda iExif which lets him see the exif data if it's available.
     
  6. dxqcanada

    dxqcanada Been spending a lot of time on here!

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  7. davebmck

    davebmck TPF Noob!

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    Cool. Thanks, that works great.
     
  8. cosmoepic

    cosmoepic TPF Noob!

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    also right click on the image, goto properties, then summery, then advanced you'll see all your camera data
     

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