Landscape Photography

Discussion in 'Beyond the Basics' started by sambrody44, Sep 11, 2008.

  1. sambrody44

    sambrody44 TPF Noob!

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    What kind of aperture are you guys using for landscapes? I'm having a little trouble noticing the difference between f/5.6 and f/32 when shooting landscapes.
     
  2. usayit

    usayit No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    I usually start at f/11 and hyperfocal.
     
  3. Bifurcator

    Bifurcator TPF Noob!

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    I use the lens's sweet spot for the focal length being used. So for me it depends on the lens.
     
  4. sambrody44

    sambrody44 TPF Noob!

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    So what are the low apertures like f/30 and f/32 for?
     
  5. Mitch1640

    Mitch1640 TPF Noob!

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    the lower apertures increase the depth of field meaning more of your picture will be in focus.
     
  6. Bifurcator

    Bifurcator TPF Noob!

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    Depending on the lens f/32 would like, give you, for landscapes, for example:

    20 feet ~ Infinite @ 100mm,
    5 feet ~ Infinite @ 50mm,
    1 foot ~ Infinite @ 20mm

    f/8 (a typical sweet spot) would give you:

    60 feet ~ infinite @ 100mm
    15 feet ~ Infinite @ 50mm
    2 feet ~ Infinite @ 20mm

    Those are actual readings from 3 different Nikon lenses I have. It just depends on what you want in focus, how much light you have available, whether or not you're using a tripod, and how good your camera is at high ISO shots.
     
  7. Moglex

    Moglex TPF Noob!

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    If you are having trouble noticing the difference, and the shots appear to be OK, then the most likely reason is that you do not have anything in the foreground.

    Here 'foreground' can be defined as the area before you achieve acceptable sharpness at f5.6.

    If you want to demonstrate the difference, take some shots with someone or something closer to the camera. Focus at the hyperfocal distance for each aperture and notice how the close object becomes sharper the greater the f-stop number.
     
  8. ksmattfish

    ksmattfish Now 100% DC - not as cool as I once was, but still

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    It depends on the format for me. I tend to use wide angle lenses for landscape photographs. I'm usually trying for the largest aperture that'll get me the DOF I need. I don't want to go too small because aperture diffraction can cause softness.

    F/5.6 to f/11 with a wider than normal lens is usually plenty of DOF for APS-C format cameras. I'm nervous about going with apertures smaller than f/11 on APS-C because of aperture diffraction. It's less of a problem on larger formats.
     
  9. wise

    wise TPF Noob!

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    @bifurcator: How do I find out the "sweet spot" of my lenses, and what do you mean by it?
     
  10. Dao

    Dao No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    I believe what he means is the lens performs the best (best image quality) at that Aperture/focal length combination.

    Some lenses review site such as Photozone may have some data regarding that info. Of course, if you want, you can do some test yourself, if you have the equipment and setup.

    For example, according to Photozone. The Nifty Fifty perform the best at F/5.6 and of course on 50mm focal length.
     
    Last edited: Sep 12, 2008
  11. Joe S

    Joe S TPF Noob!

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    as some others have said, start by what lens you are using and then figure the lighting conditions. I don't think you can really ever say use a certain aperture for landscape, or sports, or anything as conditions change. If it's foggy, or raining the light will be less than sunny and clear, so an f2.8 lens might be great set at f2.8-5.6 in the sun but need more like f8-9 in the rain.
     
  12. pm63

    pm63 TPF Noob!

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    What on earth are you talking about?
     

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