Manual Mode Help

Discussion in 'Photography Beginners' Forum' started by Ygrazi, Apr 2, 2009.

  1. Ygrazi

    Ygrazi TPF Noob!

    Joined:
    Jun 27, 2006
    Messages:
    47
    Likes Received:
    0
    I'm just not getting Manual mode. I must be missing something. I've been shooting in A or S but really would like to start w\ full manual. I have the d200.
    Let's say I'm taking a portrait. I want my aperture at 5.6. Then I look into the viewfinder and meter off my subject until the little bar is at the 0 right? It usually tells me to stop down to 30 or even less w\ the flash open and ends up come out underexposed or blurry since the SS is so slow. Then when I flick it to Ap the shutter speed automatically jumps up over 100 and the picture comes out exposed correctly.
    What am I missing?
     
  2. tirediron

    tirediron Watch the Birdy! Staff Member Supporting Member

    Joined:
    Jul 8, 2005
    Messages:
    37,418
    Likes Received:
    10,679
    Location:
    Victoria, BC
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos OK to edit
    Because when you switch to aperture priority, the camera automatically uses the widest possible aperture. Try boosting your ISO a bit.
     
  3. iflynething

    iflynething TPF Noob!

    Joined:
    Oct 26, 2006
    Messages:
    1,347
    Likes Received:
    0
    Location:
    South Carolina USA
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos OK to edit
    In manual, I never rely on the meter when using flash. It usually always says it will be underexposed. I would rely on playing around and starting out around 60 sec. If your flash is not reaching far enough you need a more powerful flash, a higher ISO, or a slower shutter speed.

    Once you get around the 1/20 sec, even with the flash, you start to get trails from the flash on moving subjects.

    ~Michael~
     
  4. Josh66

    Josh66 Been spending a lot of time on here!

    Joined:
    Oct 31, 2007
    Messages:
    14,604
    Likes Received:
    1,236
    Location:
    Cedar Hill, Texas
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos NOT OK to edit
    Manual mode with the (pop-up - all I have at the moment) flash, I basically just make the settings whatever I want them to be and ignore the meter (as long as it's not faster than the max sync speed). When the flash fires, it will adjust it's power to make the right exposure.
     
  5. iflynething

    iflynething TPF Noob!

    Joined:
    Oct 26, 2006
    Messages:
    1,347
    Likes Received:
    0
    Location:
    South Carolina USA
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos OK to edit
    Well that's about right. You can even adjust the flash if needed on the top with the +/- and hold the flash (on the right side of the camera) and rotate the front dial.

    I usually keep it around 1/30-1/60 sec depending on what I want. If I want more ambient light, I up the ISO.

    ~Michael~
     
  6. Samanax

    Samanax TPF Noob!

    Joined:
    Jan 1, 2009
    Messages:
    2,562
    Likes Received:
    0
    Location:
    Kaneohe, Oahu
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos OK to edit
    First of all, what are the shooting conditions like? Are you outdoors? Indoors? Using only ambient light? Using flash/constant lighting? Is the subject lit well? Is the subject dark/in shadow? Are you adjusting ISO to suit the lighting conditions? Every situation is different.

    Exposure Metering Techniques

    Flash Photography Techniques

    Photography Tips
     
  7. maulrat

    maulrat TPF Noob!

    Joined:
    Jul 23, 2008
    Messages:
    652
    Likes Received:
    0
    Location:
    San Diego, CA
    Can others edit my Photos:
    Photos NOT OK to edit
    I'm a newb but have been shooting in manual since the day I bought my camera. It isn't too difficult once you start working in manual for a while. Here is my basic run through and it should work with you... most of the time.

    1. Set your starting iso (outdoor sunny - 100; outdoor not so sunny 200; indoor bright lit room 200; indoor moderate lit room 400)
    2. Set desired aperature - you chose f/5.6 (hint- 1 to 2 stops higher than wide open will often produce sharper photos)
    3. Aim and autofocus to bring up exposure meter. I usually reference my subject's face.
    4. Adjust shutter speed to reach desired exposure; usually to 0EV. If I cannot adjust shutter speed faster than 1/30 then lower aperature # and/or raise iso #
    5. Fire a test shot
    things to note:
    • If your shots are coming out way too bright; raise shutter speed, raise f/#, and/or lower iso. (iso should be last resort adjustment to lower/raise exposure; use shutter speed & aperture are primary exposure adjustments)
    • 1/30 shutter speed is pretty slow for hand held. If your photos come out blurry at this speed try not going under 1/60.
    • 5.6 is a bit shallow when shooting outdoors. I usually start out shooting f14 outdoor and f8 indoor.
    • when using a flash, it is a whole different ballgame. Just begin at iso 400, f8, 1/100; test shot, then either adjust aperature to desired background exposure then flash intensity (manually on flash) to desired subject exposure.
    My flow chart isn't exactly perfect but I think it works out pretty well for a beginner like myself. Let me know how things are coming along.
     

Share This Page