PDF FAQ Beginners Guide

Discussion in 'Beyond the Basics' started by Rob, Mar 16, 2006.

  1. Rob

    Rob TPF Noob!

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    Right, if that wasn't too many TLA in a title and you understood... ;)

    I'm going to write up an illustrated beginners guide to photography for TPF and publish it as an Adobe PDF which everyone here will have access to.

    Hopefully it will be helpful to everyone who reads it and will alleviate some of the perpetual "can you explain what aperture is?" questions. As it will be searchable and unalterable due to the choice of format, it should pull in more people to our lovely community.

    It's going to be illustrated because the current sticky is a bit tricky to read and people still ask "what does that actually mean?". We all understand laziness, and people are far more inclined to read something with pwetty piccies in.

    This is going to be a fairly major undertaking, and I'd like help from you chaps and chapesses taking some of the pictures - I will post in this thread asking for pictures which, say, demonstrate depth-of-field or hyperfocal distance or whatever (it isn't going to be light when I write this!). Then, you can spring into life - photo fight club style and you'll have a lovely picture in the beginners guide, along with credit naturally!!

    I'd also appreciate some proof-reading volunteers both from a grammar and spelling point of view and a technical one.

    So, volunteers for helping please!!! :mrgreen:

    Rob
     
  2. Rob

    Rob TPF Noob!

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    Basic concepts
    light
    aperture / f-number
    stops
    exposure / shutter speeds
    focus auto / manual

    Cameras
    SLR / TLR / reflex / TTL
    CCD / CMOS
    ISO / film speed
    film types
    film and sensor size
    common camera modes and their uses
    medium format
    large format

    Lenses
    focal length
    lens aperture
    prime lenses
    zoom lenses
    variable aperture
    constant aperture
    angle/field of view (normal wide telephoto)
    macro photography
    dedicated
    extention tubes
    reverse lens technique
    brightness
    depth of field
    hyperfocal distance
    infinity
    lens flare

    Taking a photo
    Releasing the shutter
    Avoiding camera shake
    tripods
    bracketing
    flash
    first and second curtain

    Composition
    The rule of thirds
    Holding the camera the correct way around

    Results
    prints
    dots per inch
    screen
    printing out
    file formats
    lossy vs lossless
    RAW
    PSD
    TIFF
    JPG

    Manipulating
    cropping
    dodging and burning
    Photoshop and Gimp


    Other Concepts

    pushing and pulling
    legality of photography
    model release form
    work for prints
    critique
    juxtaposition
    vignetting
    high/low key images
    inverse square law
    noise
    bokeh
    reciprocity (failure)
    film grain
    White balance
    colour temperatures
    18% grey
    night time photography


    That's the vague headings and subjects that I've collated from the sticky so far. Anyone got anything to add?
     
  3. magicmonkey

    magicmonkey TPF Noob!

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    How about a 'putting it together' section at the end of each section, something to give an idea of how all the settings interact with each other rather than how they function on their own?
     
  4. kelox

    kelox TPF Noob!

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    Great idea Rob. I'd love to help in any way I can. Just let me know what you need and if I can do it consider it done!
     
  5. Rob

    Rob TPF Noob!

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    Thanks Kelox - I'll be calling!

    That's a great idea monkeyman - I'll be incorporating it.
     
  6. Dweller

    Dweller Inconspicuous Supporter

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    first :thumbup: for taking this on!

    Second, a couple of additions I thought of while reading the list is Aperature and Shutter priority and the Sunny 16 rule. Maybe even the Zone System.. since I would like to know how that works myself ;)
     
  7. Rob

    Rob TPF Noob!

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    Thanks!

    This has now become a joint writing effort. The mighty HvR will be putting his not inconsiderable intellect and experience into the content, so there's half a chance it'll be accurate and a very good chance of a sensible structure. ;)

    I was going to cover Av and Tv under common camera modes and their uses. Sunny 16 is a good-un, I'm sure we'll work that into exposure. The zone system is a piece of cake, not sure how relevant it is for a noob, but we'll certainly cover tonal range.

    Rob
     
  8. omeletteman

    omeletteman TPF Noob!

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    woah Rob, good on you for doing this, I'm sure a lot of people will find it helpful. I'm up for helping in any way you need.
     
  9. darich

    darich TPF Noob!

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    Rob
    I'll help too.
    Taking shots and/or proof reading
    :mrgreen:
     
  10. zedin

    zedin TPF Supporters Supporting Member

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    Nice project! I will help in anyway possible.
     
  11. 'Daniel'

    'Daniel' TPF Noob!

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    This sounds really great. I'm not really sure I could commit to anything but if a list of photographs that needed to be taken were posted up I could maybe do some. People could submit and you could chose the best.
     
  12. Rob

    Rob TPF Noob!

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    Thanks for all the great responses, I'm sure it'll be an excellent result! We will undoubtably need a LOT of help as this is becoming a mammoth undertaking. Below the list of pictures is becoming huge already, so please do do do post something that's photographically useful - the more pretty pictures the guide has the easier the conceptual understanding will be - a thousand words and all that!

    I'll have more information later on tomorrow when I've liaised with HvR, but at this point there are a couple of photos I know we're going to need.

    To attain a level of consistency, all shots which you take specifically should be against a white background. They've got to be perfect, so I'm almost certainly not going to choose some, but please please do have a go and post the results here - the more the merrier!!

    Pictures I'd like, therefore are:

    #1 Picture of aperture mechanism, preferably a macro shot right up close showing detail of the metal iris leaves. Would be suitable for a table top composition against a white background.

    #2 Pair of photos, demonstrating extremes of depth of field like f1.8 vs f22 on a standard lens. Ideally something like a ruler or a fence which clearly shows the difference in the two shots. Must be two photos of the same thing!

    #3 Pair of pictures of the f/numbers on the dial of a manual lens and picture of the aperture display on the top of a DSLR. White bg again pls.

    #4 Picture of a standard 50mm f1.8 lens. ditto bg.

    #5 Triplet of photos of the same subject demonstrating exposure bracketing - one under, one correct and the last over-exposed. Now done, cheers Darich!

    #6 Triplet of photos of the same subject demonstrating f/stop bracketing - one too shallow, one correct and the last with the background sharp. Suggest subject against patterned background to help demonstration.

    #7 Hyperfocal distance demonstrator. A landscape picture where foreground objects are in perfect focus and background is too. No depth-of-field to be evident in the shot.

    #8 Picture of a popular film SLR. White background please! Same again of digital.

    #9 Picture of a typical TLR. ditto white.

    #10 Picture of a typical MF SLR

    #11 Picture of a typical(?) large format camera

    #12 Picture of a folding camera

    #13 Pair of shots demonstrating the difference between first and second curtain sync flash. Passing car at night anyone?

    #14 Cityscape at night demonstrating a long exposure, static subject and tripod usage.

    #15 Multi-me type PS image

    #16 Double exposure demonstration.

    #17 Waterfall with "that" long exposure effect.

    #18 Traffic trails.

    #19 Fireworks

    #20 Something for rule of thirds.

    #21 Pinhole camera picture


    Any good pictures you lovely lot have to contribute that demonstrate an aspect of photography would be great. Before and after shots are exceptionally handy to explain things.

    Also very important - please note your equipment and settings along with the shots.

    Please also realise that this is ultimately going to be published in a web form and possibly also printed (if it proves popular!!). You will need to be happy for your picture to be reproduced without limitation. Any pictures used will be credited, using your forum or real name or anonymous - whatever you prefer.

    Thanks, you're a great bunch!

    Rob
     

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