This is a book I found some years ago in a used book store and it's one of my favorites. It's called Photographic Lenses by C.B. Neblette (Morgan & Morgan). First published 1965. I have the 1973 revised edition. It's a smallish book (131 pages) but chock full of diagrams for many classic lenses of all formats plus historical data on who designed what when, optics theory, etc. There are few books with so much general lens information like this. For example, if you want to know the difference between a Schneider Xenon and a Leica Summicron, this is the place to look. Of course, it doesn't have details on every lens ever made but many of the important classics are here.