I think the OP is confusing two questions: 1. Life as a professional photographer is getting significantly harder. The barriers to entry are almost nonexistent, you can get a camera good enough to produce decent shots for a range of themes without breaking the bank, and the public doesn't expect a photographer to have great skills....it's all about the camera...or photoshop. So more and more people are trying to be photographers (usually doing it on the side besides their day gig) and that is driving out the full-time pros who try to make a living on it. Sure, some still exist but it's a lot harder to make a living. 2. I would argue that niche photographers who specialize in a particular theme or genre are actually growing. Before, you'd see a photographer with his/her shingle out. They'd shoot weddings, portraits, kids' sports, buildings, maybe some commercial work for products or local fliers or the local fashion show. Now, you're more likely to see specialists. People who ONLY shoot weddings (or that is 95% of their business). Or ONLY shoot fashion. Or ONLY shoot nature and landscapes. Or ONLY do interiors and architecture. Part of it is that they network and infiltrate key and influential sources in their field (like an interiors photographer will be active with local real estates or be an associate member of ASID or AIA). Part of it is that this niche gives them some degree of safety by allowing them to focus their marketing, leverage their contacts, and be perceived as the expert in that field.