making moving water look better

Discussion in 'Photography Beginners' Forum' started by rsanford71, Feb 6, 2010.

  1. rsanford71

    rsanford71 TPF Noob!

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    I want to capture moving water and make it look as if its moving. I tried this in program mode and my camera says the image is too bright---what do i do?I have a nikon d5000 btw.
     
  2. marmots

    marmots No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    what most people do is put multiple exposures together to create a smooth looking movement
     
  3. Derrel

    Derrel Mr. Rain Cloud

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    MANY times during daylight hours, one needs to put a filter over the camera lens to get a long shutter speed that will make the water look like it is flowing.
    Most landscape photographer who shoot a lot of water that moves, like rivers, creeks and waterfalls specifically, have a set of Neutral Density filters--often simply called ND filters. These rather dark-looking gray or nearly black filters dramatically cut down on the amount of light that gets through, which allows the photographer to use lengthy exposure times, thus blurring the water.
     
  4. marmots

    marmots No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    that too
     
  5. rsanford71

    rsanford71 TPF Noob!

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    good info---any other ways?
     
  6. Dominantly

    Dominantly TPF Noob!

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    To compensate for brightness you can stop down, or make your F/stop number larger. Also decrease your ISO to as low as you can, this will decrease your sensors sensitivity to light.

    This will require allow you to use a longer shutter speed to get the same shot, BUT will increase your DOF so more of the scene will be in focus. You can set this up by shooting in A mode.
     
  7. skieur

    skieur TPF Noob!

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    Derrel's approach is the standard one usually mentioned, but by itself it is too limited and often does not work. If the water is in mixed sun and shadow, then the part in the sun is too often washed out with no detail. If there is a lot of water in the scene moving fast, then the result just looks like a blurry image shot at the wrong shutterspeed.

    So a lot of fast moving water, over a falls for example is still often best shot with a faster shutterspeed. With less and slower water, you want to get the sense of motion but you also want some detail. This is where you shoot from an angle toward the falls, using a polarizing filter and an ND filter or filters and experiment with shutterspeeds. The first shot will not necessarily be a good one. Bottom line is you also want to see some signs of surface detail on and in the water as well as the sense of motion.
    It is a tricky balance to get it right.

    skieur
     
  8. KmH

    KmH Helping photographers learn to fish Supporting Member

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    Using a circular polarizing filter will also help reduce some of the light reaching the image sensor and help by subtracting another 1 stop or so of shutter speed, while also helping to control specular highlights and reflections.

    If the angle of the Sun is favorable, It can also help darken any sky in the image.
     
    Last edited: Feb 6, 2010
  9. Dominantly

    Dominantly TPF Noob!

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    Sure can.
    A bracket shot, then layering it, will give you a water motion, and a higher dynamic range as well.
     
  10. IgsEMT

    IgsEMT No longer a newbie, moving up!

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    In A, you might need to adjust EV in manual, you'll just do it well MANUALLY :)
     
  11. Dominantly

    Dominantly TPF Noob!

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    They're shooting in P, so I wouldn't want to scare them by sending them into Manual mode just yet :lol:
     
  12. TCimages

    TCimages TPF Noob!

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