Been spending a lot of time on here!
The following shots were made by my wife and I of the same train, nearly the same time. She was about 90-100' away using 100mm, and I was barely 20' and using a 24mm lens. Notice how the wide lens lengthened the body of the engine and enlarged the nearest portions. Whereas the 100mm compressed the length of the engine. Both shots are good I think, and neither has an advantage. So plan ahead as to how you want your subject to look then pick your focal length. The following quote is edited in (hopefully with the authors blessing)
Two different terms. The ONLY WAY to alter perspective is by changing the camera-to-subject distance. Distance, distance, distance!!!!!!!!
Apparent perspective distortion is another term. Often confused with perspective.
There are so many on-line and printed sources these days, and a large percentage of them are flat out using the term perspective in an improper, half-assed way. Perspective is an old term that has come to be widely misunderstood, even by people who know a lot about photography in a practical sense. As fellow TPF member Ysarex has mentioned, there are many myths and half-truths and inaccuracies that are perpetuated every day, on-line, and in books.
Correct use of actual terms that have been around for hundreds of years versus how to actually shoot images that have different feeling to them is the subject of this post, and we have seen this conversation pop up here every six months or so for literally the last seven years!
Be that as it may, I thought big D's post was a pretty good demonstration of what was once commonly called lenswork, a term that has sort of fallen out of common use. Petty good example photos, really, wonderful comparison between the size of the locomotive engineer in the tele shot as opposed to the wide-angle shot!