Some background on this shot… My extended family gets together every year for the holidays, so that’s really the only opportunity we have each year for a family photo. The only room large enough to pose 10 people doesn't have great lighting, and the only angle with enough room to setup a camera without using an ultra-wide lens results in a large window behind the subjects. Closing the curtains makes things worse with the harsh shadows that result, and getting 3 generations to pose and sit still for more than 10 seconds is like herding cats. That being said, I took a similar photo 2 years ago with passable results. I bounced a speed light off of the ceiling for fill light and wound up with a lot of glare in the windows. I had no idea how to pose a group, and the way people were arranged looked a bit off. I got one usable shot from that weekend, but I looked forward to doing better next time. So here is a re-shoot from this year. Same location, same people, same challenging conditions. I think I did a bit better with posing this time, and I remembered to take an empty frame of just the windows with no people and no flash to composite afterwords. After a lot of postproduction in Lightroom and Photoshop, here is the final product. Challenges: I used the timer to take 9-shot bursts with a 3-second delay between shots, but didn’t realize the cycle time of my flash was longer than that when fired at full power. About 1/3 of the shots were exposed properly, 1/3 were underexposed from flashes fired at partial power, and 1/3 the flash didn’t fire at all. Of course the only usable shot was one where the flash fired at half power, so that's what I had to work with. I did not realize until after the fact that there would be a significant difference in exposure between rows of people when bouncing flash off of the ceiling, which was fixed with a gradient filter in Photoshop. With so many shots that did not come out, I had to composite in 2 of the faces. They're probably not the ones you would think... I forgot to ask the grandparents to remove their glasses, which resulted in pretty significant glare from the flash. I was able to composite the eyes in from another shot where the glare was a bit less severe so I could see their eyes again. The view outside was composited from a reference shot with no flash. Even after reducing the highlights and slightly reducing the exposure, it's still pretty bright, but any further edits start to look unrealistic. Interestingly, the bright outlines around some of the subjects are not due to poor masking, but rather strong backlighting from the bright sun and snow outside. Even cropped to 4x5, I still needed to remove a TV stand and patch in carpet and curtains on one side. Here is the final edit: 20180106-DSC_5198a by adamhiram, on Flickr And here is the original to show what I had to work with DSC_5198 by adamhiram, on Flickr So how'd I do?