Indoor Flash Help

Natalubug

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Hi! I'm very new to SLR photography. I've read several books on photography and feel that I understand the relationship between ISO, shutter speed, and aperture. I recent got a Canon XTi and so far have been pleased with it. Though, the more I learn, the more questions I have :) Anyways, over the weekend I was at a party inside a resturant and was having problems getting a correct exposure using the in camera flash. I was using aperture priority mode, forced the flash on, and set the camera to ISO 400 and F/4. However, the camera selected too long of a shutter speed and my pictures were overexposed. I think this is because it did not compensate for the flash. So I guess my question is if I'm using the flash in low light, how do I know what shutter speed to select? Thanks!
 

Big Mike

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Welcome to the forum.

Firstly, the shutter speed has no actual affect on the exposure from the flash. The flash is much faster than the shutter so you could use a shutter speed of 1/200 or 1/20...and it wouldn't change the exposure from the flash.

Now, the problem you are having is because of the way the camera is programed to act/meter in Av mode. When in Av mode, the camera will meter for the ambient light and try to expose for that...even if you turn the flash on. The camera thinks you only want the flash for fill light. However, because it's rather dark, you need the flash for more than fill...but because you are in Av mode...the camera doesn't know that.

The easy solution is to use P mode in this situation. I will probably set the shutter to 1/60 and use a larger aperture...which would probably not be enough light for an ambient exposure...so the flash will light up your subjects.

However, I would recommend using Manual mode in this situation. It's easier than it sounds. Firstly, set the aperture that you want. The camera will set the flash power to match your aperture choice (as long as it's in range).
Remember that the larger the aperture you use, the more range your flash will have, and the less power it will need to use. So F would be a good choice. A higher ISO also helps with flash range and power usage.

Then you have to set a shutter speed. You can use just about anything up to the camera's sync speed (1/200 on yours, I think). As mentioned, this won't affect the flash exposure...however, it will affect the ambient exposure. The longer the shutter speed, the more ambient exposure you will get. If there is enough ambient light, a long shutter speed may still cause some blur...so you need to be careful about that...but it's fairly easy to test out a few different shutter speeds to see what works and what you can get away with.

Lastly, you can adjust the level of flash exposure by changing the FEC (flash exposure compensation). You might want to vary it...anything from -1 to +1 or whatever works for you.

One last thing...you would be well off by never using the built-in flash again. Get yourself a hot-shoe flash like the Canon 430EX, which is much more powerful and allows you to bounce the flash etc.
 

JIP

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I say break down and buy an off-camera flash that will tilt and rotate. When you use the flash turn it completely backwards and slightly towards the ceiling and fire away. One thing if the ceiling is some weird color you might try and find some whiteish area to bounce off of. Also if the ceiling is a little high bump up the power of the flash a little bit.
 
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Natalubug

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Thanks for all the advice. I will try manual mode and do some experimenting. I also think I'll be adding an external flash to my Christmas list :)
 

JIP

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That really is the best way to go. You cannot expect much from the pop-up flash on your camera.
 

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