I think that none of these is art. Put sculptures, fashion, architecture and performing arts on the list, and I still think that none of these is art.... what the heck is art anyway? ... sketching, drawing, painting, pottery, photography ...
When I lived in San Francisco I would go out to the gay bars quite often, and in SF there is an abundance of sexual freedom and liberation especially in the gay community. One thing I remember very vividly was how unlike in many of the other cities I've lived in, the bar staff in many of the bars in SF would not kick people out for having sex in the bathrooms, nor would they even discourage it, especially during Dore Alley Street Fair and Folsom Street Fair. I personally saw a lot of vulgar things that made me both gag and laugh and I don't think I could ever forget those things. That urinal installation photo you posted presents a very satirical representation of those experiences to me, and it made me laugh and think back on my time is San Francisco. I guess that makes it art.
When Marcel Duchamp posed this artifact and pronounced it "art", many people thought he was "taking a Pi$$", to borrow a British colloquialism. And, of course, Alfred Stieglitz made a famous photograph of it which he then proclaimed was also art.I guess that makes it art.
I once attended an exhibition of quilts at the old Craft Museum in Manhattan, which morphed into another shop for the Museum of Modern Art. There were old quilts and contemporary quilts, and some were quite astounding (quilts from the 1800's where the pattern only appeared when viewed from twenty feet away, like a Dali effect!) ,So I got to thinking earlier - what the heck is art anyway.
If I think of art at school its sketching, drawing, painting, pottery, photography - its creativity. But its not boxes or tables; nor is it cards or bicycles because those things are Design and Technology - they are designs not artworks.
Some say that art isn't those things, but its a creative work that evokes emotion and an emotional response in the viewer. And if we take that line as a description of what art its the field suddenly explodes open; especially if we consider how much of a reaction and what nature of reaction counts as a "reaction". Now we can add drama and music; dance and poetry as artworks for they can most certainly evoke emotion in the viewer.
However with such open definitions we start to get confused. Is art linked to skill and technical achievement? Well ask anyone paying for it or anyone viewing anyone charging for it an they will likely argue tooth and nail that professional stuff must have quality and technical competence of "a certain level" to count.
And yet we have the Tate Modern, where dirty coffee mugs and empty rooms are prized forms of artwork. Items where the amount of creative input is what most would consider trivially childish and which often require a good essay or three to back up the "inner meanings".
So now wait an empty room is art?
To me art is, in today's world, a term which is almost worthless. I think once art was a thing, it had rules and a definition. It was something that as concrete and which had rules to follow for what did and didn't count. Certain things were in and others were out; and whilst those rule and boundaries did change over time, they didn't go away until relatively recently.
So now we live in an age where almost anything can be an art; where its combined with so many things and spread over so many mediums that we can't pin it down. We even understand how art is derived from the natural world around us; how many of the core compositional theories are based upon patterns viewed in the natural world.
So to me art is meaningless. It means nothing save an aspiration to a title of yester-year. A sketchy hazy link toward the great art masters of the past. In todays world art means nothing; but it means something to be a photographer. It means something to be a painter, a carpenter, a designer; a musician. These are things where we can have measure; where we can think within boxes just a little to have a title of worth; to have skill and talent.
So art - its very definition today is meaningless - and even if you don't agree with that I can bet that your understanding of art will differ to thsoe next to you. That its defining features will change from person to person - a word that has such varied meaning as to be near to immorpossible to bring it all together.
Hey, I'm just sharing my own interpretation of it. According to what many feel is required to define something as art, this fit's the bill based on how it makes me feel.